Oxycodone

Oxycodone- Drug Facts:

Oxycodone is a strong narcotic similar to morphine, codeine, and hydrocodone.   The drug was developed in Germany in 1916, and is in a class of semi-synthetic opiods.  The drug is synthesized from opium-derived thebaine.  Oxycodone is used to treat severe pain, such as cancer and arthritis.

Description & Overview:
-
Semi-Synthetic Opiods
- Schedule II Drug
-Class A Controlled Drug
- Available in Tablets
- Controlled Released Tablets
- Chemical Compounds – C 18 H 21 NO 4
- Narcotic Alkaloid
- Listed as a Narcotic Analgesic
- Pain Reliever
- Does not Stop Pain
- Oxycodone Decreases Discomfort
- Increases Tolerance to Pain

Brand & Generic Names:
-
Oxycodone
- Oxycontin
- Roxicodone
- M-oxy
- ETH-Oxydose
- Oxyfast
- OxylR

Breakdown of Illegal Users:
-
8% of Teenagers Abused Pain Killers at Least Once (2000 Survey)
- Every Age Group Affected
- Illegal Use Increased Among ALL: Ethnic Backgrounds, Economic Backgrounds

Illegal Forms of Use:
-
Intramuscular Injection
- Intravenous Injection
- Subcutaneous Injection
- Rectally

Used Illegally:
-
Cheaper High Than Heroin
- Easy to Obtain
- Trafficking Illegally
- Profit

Medically Used to Treat:
-
Severe Pain

Street Names for Oxycodone:
-
Oxy
- O.C.’s
- Oxycet
- Oxycottons
- Oxy 80’s
- Hillbilly Heroin
Killers

How Oxycodone Affects the Brain:
-
Increases the Effect of Other Drugs: Alcohol, Barbiturates
- Skeletal Muscle Relaxants: Carisoprodol, Cyclobenzaprine
- Stimulation of Opioid Receptors

Short-Term Effects of Using Oxycodone:
- Constipation
- Headache
- Light Headed
- Sedation
- Nausea
- Dizziness
- Vomiting
- Skin Rash
- Dry Mouth
- Sweating

Long-Term Effects of Using Opiates – Morphine:
- Addiction
- Breathing Irregularly
- Respiratory Depression
- Respiratory Failure
- Death
- Increased Pressure in the Brain
- Increased Pressure in Spinal Fluid
- Headaches
- Nausea
- Dizziness
- Heart Failure
- Death
- Seizures
- Death
- Low Blood Pressure
- Comma
- Constipation
- Itchy Skin
- Hot Flashes
- Kidney Damage
- Renal Failure
- Sweaty Skin
- Tolerance
- Cardiovascular Effect
- Nauseant
- Sedative
- Respiratory Depressant

Opiates Can:
-
Produce Drug Dependence
- Produce Physiological Drug Dependence
- Loss of Appetite
- Weight Loss