Oxycodone

Oxycodone- Drug Facts:

Oxycodone is a strong narcotic similar to morphine, codeine, and hydrocodone.   The drug was developed in Germany in 1916, and is in a class of semi-synthetic opiods.  The drug is synthesized from opium-derived thebaine.  Oxycodone is used to treat severe pain, such as cancer and arthritis.

Description & Overview:
Semi-Synthetic Opiods
– Schedule II Drug
-Class A Controlled Drug
– Available in Tablets
– Controlled Released Tablets
– Chemical Compounds – C 18 H 21 NO 4
– Narcotic Alkaloid
– Listed as a Narcotic Analgesic
– Pain Reliever
– Does not Stop Pain
– Oxycodone Decreases Discomfort
– Increases Tolerance to Pain

Brand & Generic Names:
-
Oxycodone
– Oxycontin
– Roxicodone
– M-oxy
– ETH-Oxydose
– Oxyfast
– OxylR

Breakdown of Illegal Users:
8% of Teenagers Abused Pain Killers at Least Once (2000 Survey)
– Every Age Group Affected
– Illegal Use Increased Among ALL: Ethnic Backgrounds, Economic Backgrounds

Illegal Forms of Use:
Intramuscular Injection
– Intravenous Injection
– Subcutaneous Injection
– Rectally

Used Illegally:
Cheaper High Than Heroin
– Easy to Obtain
– Trafficking Illegally
– Profit

Medically Used to Treat:
Severe Pain

Street Names for Oxycodone:
Oxy
– O.C.’s
– Oxycet
– Oxycottons
– Oxy 80’s
– Hillbilly Heroin
Killers

How Oxycodone Affects the Brain:
Increases the Effect of Other Drugs: Alcohol, Barbiturates
– Skeletal Muscle Relaxants: Carisoprodol, Cyclobenzaprine
– Stimulation of Opioid Receptors

Short-Term Effects of Using Oxycodone:
- Constipation
– Headache
– Light Headed
– Sedation
– Nausea
– Dizziness
– Vomiting
– Skin Rash
– Dry Mouth
– Sweating

Long-Term Effects of Using Opiates – Morphine:
- Addiction
– Breathing Irregularly
– Respiratory Depression
– Respiratory Failure
– Death
– Increased Pressure in the Brain
– Increased Pressure in Spinal Fluid
– Headaches
– Nausea
– Dizziness
– Heart Failure
– Death
– Seizures
– Death
– Low Blood Pressure
– Comma
– Constipation
– Itchy Skin
– Hot Flashes
– Kidney Damage
– Renal Failure
– Sweaty Skin
– Tolerance
– Cardiovascular Effect
– Nauseant
– Sedative
– Respiratory Depressant

Opiates Can:
Produce Drug Dependence
– Produce Physiological Drug Dependence
– Loss of Appetite
– Weight Loss