Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine- Drug Facts:

Methamphetamines are categorized as stimulants.  The components were found in 1997 within two species of bushes in Texas.  The bushes were known as the acacia bushes.  Methamphetamine (Methedrine) is specifically referred to as amphetamines.  Illegal Methamphetamine (Meth) is made from many common over the counter drugs (cold tablets), drain cleaner, brake fluid and liquid Anhydrous Ammonia (among other ingredients).  Stimulants speed up the systems housed in the body.  Methamphetamine is considered a twin to amphetamine (although it has more intense effects on the Central Nervous System), lasting for 6-8 hours.  Like its twin, methamphetamine stimulates can look like powder or pills.

Methamphetamine races to metabolize to amphetamine.  The effects are so similar between the two drugs that most seasoned users can’t tell them apart.  The chemical compounds of the two drugs have almost mirror compounds. Methamphetamines and their various salts easily dissolve in water.  Other forms of the drug are clear in color and form chunky crystals (crystal meth).  Methamphetamines can also take the form of brightly colored tablets.  Methamphetamines have many of the same effects as cocaine, however the body’s reaction to this class of stimulates is slower, and the duration lasts longer.

Description & Overview:

  • Chemical Breakdown:  C 10 H 15 N
  • Brand Name: Desoxy@
  • Schedule II Drug
  • Ephedrine
  • Hydriotic Acid
  • Methamphetamine Hydrochloride
  • (+)-alpha-Methylbenzeneethanamine
  • D;-alpha-methylphenethylamine, 1-phenyl-s-aminopropane, beta-aminopropylbenzene
  • Racemic desoxy-nor-ephedrine, Acetadron, Allodene, Adipan, Sympatedrine
  • Psychedrine, Isomyn, Isoamyne, Mecodrin, Norephedrane, Novydrine, Elastonon
  • Ortedrine, Phenedrine, Profamina, Propsiamine, Sympamine, Simpatedrin

Breakdown of Illegal Users:

  • Staggering Statistics – 2009 National Survey on Drug Use & Health
  • Reported 12.84 Million People Used Meth Once
  • Users Young as 12-Years-Old
  • 2010 Reported 1.17 Million People Used Illicit Methamphetamine

Methods of Use:

  • Injecting
  • Snorting
  • Smoking
  • Oral Ingestion

Medically Used to Treat:

  • ADHD
  • ADD
  • Asthma
  • Depression
  • Narcolepsy
  • Obesity
  • Psychiatric Depression

Used Illegally For:

  • Decreased Appetite
  • Excitability
  • Increased Energy
  • Profit
  • Trafficking
  • Stimulating Effects
  • Weight Loss

Some Street Names for Methamphetamines:

  • Bikers Coffee
  • Black Beauties
  • Chalk
  • Chicken Feed
  • Crack
  • Crystal Meth
  • Glass
  • Go-Fast
  • Ice
  • Meth
  • Methlies Quick
  • Poor Man’s Cocaine
  • Speed
  • Stove Top
  • Trash
  • Tweak
  • Yaba
  • Yellow Bam

How Methamphetamines Affects the Brain:

  • Affects the Central Nervous System
  • Dopamine Transporter Abnormalities
  • Spectroscopic Abnormalities
  • Motor Deficits
  • Memory Deficits
  • Increased Parietal Glucose Metabolism
  • Cognitive Deficits
  • Relative Glucose Metabolism = Impaired Mood
  • Enlargement in Parietal Volume
  • Deficit in Hippocampal Volume
  • Basal Ganglia Volume Increased
  • Motor Memory Deficits
  • Interference with Verbal Fluency
  • Interference with Fine Motor Performance

Short-Term Effects of Using Methamphetamine:

  • Dilation of the Pupils
  • Dry Mouth
  • Feelings of Happiness
  • Feelings of Power
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness
  • Palpitations
  • Arrhythmias
  • Tachycardia
  • May Be Life-Threatening
  • Restlessness

Long-Term Effects of Using Methamphetamines:

  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Aggression
  • Auditory & Visual Hallucinations
  • Convulsions
  • Death
  • Drug Dependency
  • Erratic Behavior
  • Emotional Instability
  • Exhaustion
  • HIV/AIDS & Hepatitis (Injecting the Drug)
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Increased Body Temperature
  • Increased Heat Rate
  • Heart Attack
  • Death
  • Insomnia
  • May Cause Lasting Brain Damage
  • Mood Disturbances
  • Nightmares
  • Paranoia
  • Picking at the Skin
  • Preoccupation with One’s Own Thoughts
  • Psychosis Akin to Schizophrenia
  • Sadness & Unhappiness
  • Sever Dental Problems
  • Social Disability
  • Stroke
  • Sweaty Skin
  • Tremors
  • Violent Behavior
  • Weakness
  • Weight Loss