Methadone

Methadone – Drug Facts:

Methadone is used to relieve painful withdrawal symptoms suffered by addicts of illegally abused prescription and street drugs, such as heroine.  Over 980,000 people are addicted to heroin in the United States.  It is classified as a “synthetic narcotic” and is akin to the painkilling benefits provided by morphine. Methadone is used in treatment facilities and in outpatient programs as part of drug addiction detoxification.  The precise dosage of Methadone administered to a patient is determined by his or her size, weight, and the tolerance level of opiate cravings.  It is used in treatment facilities for follow-up maintenance programs.  In recent years, several teenagers have died from overdosing on Methadone.

Many parents, as a result, question administering a narcotic to refrain a heroin addict from using heroin.  Defenders of methadone to relieve heroin withdrawal symptoms argue those addicted to heroin have far more anger issues and commit more crimes.  Proponents argue too, that Methadone is less addictive than heroin or morphine. It prevents patients from experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms.  Reportedly, methadone drug use had increased by 390% from 1994 through 2004.  In recent years, methadone drug usage has declined, but only slightly.

Description & Overview:

  • Synthetic Narcotic Analgesic Drug
  • Methadone Hydrochloride
  • White Crystalline Powder
  • Colorless Crystals
  • Chemical Makeup – C 21 H 27 NO
  • Absorbs From The Gastrointestinal Track
  • Listed as a Narcotic Analgesic
  • Pain Reliever
  • Schedule II Drug
  • Available in Tablet Form
  • Oral Ingestion Disc
  • Available in Liquid Form
  • Intravenous Injections
  • Intramuscular Injections
  • Subcutaneous Injections
  • Suppresses Withdrawal Symptoms 24-36 Hours

Brand Names:

  • Diskets
  • Dolophine
  • Methadose

Generic Name:
Methadone

Breakdown of Illegal Users:

  • Adults & Teens in Recovery Programs
  • Growing Problem Among Teens & Young Adults
  • Overdoses & Deaths Risen Since 1999 to Present
  • Experimentation Among Adolescence

Used Illegally For:

  • Cheaper High Than Heroin
  • Trafficking Illegally
  • Profit

Medically Used to Treat:

  • Addiction:  Substance Abuse
  • Withdrawal Symptoms
  • Predominately Used For Heroin Withdrawal

Street Names for Methadone:

  • Amidone
  • Chocolate Chip Cookies
  • Methadone or Heroin Combined With MDMA
  • Entactogenic Drug
  • Phenethylamine & Amphetamine Class
  • MDMA = 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • MDMA = Ecstasy
  • Abbreviated “E” or “X”
  • Fizzies
  • Maria
  • Pastora
  • Salvia
  • Wafer

How Methadone Affects the Brain:

  • Central Nervous System Depression
  • Cognitive Deficits
  • Long Acting m Opioid Receptor Agonist
  • Potent Central Analgesic
  • Sedative
  • Antitussive Action
  • Alters Perception
  • Dissociative Effect
  • Respiratory Depression
  • Blockage of Respiratory Centers to pCO2
  • Increased Parietal Glucose Metabolism

Short-Term Effects of Using Methadone:

  • Slowed Breathing
  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Tachycardia
  • May Be Life-Threatening
  • Respiratory Depression
  • Shallow Breathing
  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Impaired Judgment
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Dry Mouth
  • Sedation
  • Mood Swings
  • Euphoria
  • Dysphoria
  • Depressed Reflexes
  • Chest Pain
  • Light Headed
  • Fainting
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Facial Flushing
  • Constipation
  • Muscle Flaccidity
  • Pupil Constriction
  • Dizziness
  • Dry Mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Thirst

Long-Term Effects of Using Methadone:

  • Addiction
  • Bone Damage
  • Blood Damage
  • Brain Damage
  • Comma
  • Constipation
  • Convulsions
  • Death
  • Depression
  • Emotional Instability
  • Facial Flushing
  • Itchy Skin
  • Kidney Damage
  • Liver Damage
  • Mood Disturbances
  • Muscle Flaccidity
  • Pupil Constriction
  • Stupor
  • Sweaty Skin

Withdrawal & Dependence Effects:

  • Tolerance
  • Cardiovascular Effect
  • Nauseant
  • Sedative
  • Respiratory Depressant
  • Miotic

Methadone Can:

  • Produce Morphine Type Drug Dependence
  • Produce Physiological Drug Dependence
  • Watery Eyes
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Runny Nose
  • Cramps
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Dysphoria
  • Muscle Aches
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Irritation
  • Dilation of the Papules
  • Tremors
  • Chills & Sweating
  • Sensitivity to Pain
  • Piloerection
  • Insomnia
  • Tachycardia