Cocaine

Cocaine- Drug Facts:

Cocaine comes from the Erythroxylone coca bush (Spanish = coca).  This plant grew specifically in Peru and Bolivia.  Some may be surprised to learn cocaine isn’t listed as a narcotic.  However, its illegal use results in the same penalties as opium, morphine, and heroin. Cocaine Benzoylmethylecgonine is a crystalline Tropane alkaloid. Cocaine is the oldest known psychoactive substance, dating back over 100 years. Cocaine is the most abused illegal drug in the United States.

Description & Overview:
Cocaine is a colorless, white crystalline alkaloid
– Chemical Components = C17H21NO4
Hydrochloride Salt
– Drug is extracted from coca leaves

Methods of Use:
Crack Cocaine
– Powered Cocaine
– Free Base

Medically Used as a Local Anesthetic For:
Eyes
– Nose
– Throat

Used Illegally For:
Euphoric Effects
– Excitability
– High Energy
– Stimulating Effects

Some Street Names for Cocaine:
All-American Drug
– Aspirin
– Banano
– Barbs
– Base Head
– Birdie Powder
– Blizzard
– Blow Coke
– C-Joint
– Candy Sugar
– Champaign
– Cocoa Puff
– Dust
– Ivory Wave
– White Horse

How Cocaine Affects the Brain in a Normal Communication Process:
Dopamine is Released by a Neuron into the Synapse
– Dopamine Then Binds to Dopamine Receptors on nearby Neurons
– Dopamine is Then Recycled Back into the Transmitting Neuron
– A Specialized Protein Called the Dopamine Transporter
– Cocaine Attaches to the Dopamine Transporter
– Once Attached, it Blocks the Normal Recycling Process
– Dopamine Buildup Occurs in the Synapse
– Affects the Central Nervous System
– A Pleasurable Effect Results

Short-Term Effects of Using Cocaine:
Irritability
– Nervousness
– Restlessness

Long-Term Effects of Using Cocaine:
Addiction/Drug Dependency
-Auditory Hallucinations
– Anorexia Nervosa
– Binge Eating
– Emotional Instability
– Negative Effects on the Heart
– Negative Effects on the Brain
– Mood Disturbances
– Paranoia

Links:
www.nida.nih.gov

http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/streetterms/ByType.asp?intTypeID=3

http://www.nida.nih.gov/researchreports/Cocaine/effects.html